May Day is now known as World Labor Day. There are around 66 countries making it a national holiday. Various types of celebrations are carried out by the workers as well as peaceful actions.
Did you know that before it was designated World Labor Day, there were rows of historical events that were worth remembering and taking lessons from? Check out the following in full.
Starting when the peak of the industrial revolution.
Reporting from the History page, the second industrial revolution that took place during the 19th century in Europe and the United States had a bad impact on some circles, namely the workers. They work an average of 12 hours per day and seven days a week, aka full every Sunday.
That means they work hard all the time, and there isn’t even time to rest. As a result, thousands of workers died within one year. In 1884 the Canadian Traders and Trade Unions of the United States of America and the United States demanded shorter working hours of 8 hours per day starting on May 1, 1886.
Haymarket Events in Chicago.
Reporting from Time, on May 1, 1886, there was a large-scale demonstration by workers at Haymarket Chicago. More than 300,000 workers went on strike and participated in demonstrations. The action took place for several days until it finally led to violent riots.
On May 4, around 3,000 people protested demanding shorter working hours of 8 hours per day. After a long time they carried out speeches, then the police told him to disperse.
But because they were not satisfied, the demonstrators threw bombs at security guards. As a result, 67 police were victims. The security forces reacted by releasing bullets which left 200 demonstrators injured and several others killed.
Establishment of international labor day.
The United States was the first country to declare Labor Day a national holiday. As reported by the New York Times, this happened during the reign of president Grover Cleveland after signing the labor law on June 28, 1894. Although some historians consider there is a political element, but it is very influential on the lives of subsequent workers.
This was motivated by the Pullman strike action in 1894. A company called the Pullman Palace Car has cut the salaries of employees and fired them without severance. Workers were increasingly angry, and the demonstrations were unstoppable. Tens of thousands of workers from the American Railway Union and Pullman companies took massive action to disrupt railroad traffic in the Midwest. To reduce this action, the central government fielded the police, and so on. Finally, the crisis occurred at that time until the leader of the land of Uncle Sam at that time approved Labor Day as a national holiday.
But apparently, Labor Day itself is not recognized in the United States. Instead, it is celebrated on the first Monday in September. While other countries that are not the birthplace of Labor Day still celebrate it on May 1 or often called May Day, one of which is Indonesia.